blog postEarly language and literacy skills develop within the first three years of life. Literacy includes reading and writing. This development is closely linked to the child’s earliest experiences with books and stories. Interactions with literacy materials such as, books, paper, and crayons, and with adults in their lives are the building blocks for language, reading, and writing development. Early experiences are critical in shaping brain development. The development of language and literacy skills begin at birth through every day loving interactions, reading and telling stories, singing songs, and talking to one another.

Tips for introducing books to your toddler:

  1. Have fun together: When children are engaged and enjoying themselves, they are learning. When children have positive interactions with books, they develop good feelings about reading and become more motivated to continue seeking out other books and literacy materials as they grow.
  2. A few minutes at a time is okay: Young children can only sit for a few minutes for a story, so don’t worry if you can’t finish the books. As children get older, they will be able to sit for longer periods of time. Let your child decide how much or how little time they spend reading. You don’t have to read every page. You may find that your child has a favorite page or picture and that he/she will want to focus in on it for a while and then move on to another book or activity. Babies may just want to mouth books, but this is ok because exploring books in ways that are interesting make the reading experience more meaningful.
  3. Talk or sing about the pictures: You don’t always have to read the words to tell a story. Look at the pictures and tell stories about each picture. When your child is old enough, have him tell the story back to you or make up his own stories using the pictures.
  4. Let children turn the pages: At 18 months, a baby can attempt to turn the pages of a book. A three-year-old should be able to turn pages independently. This is another way of exploring books and allows the child to become familiar with the structure of books. Exploring books by turning pages also allows the books to become more meaningful to the child.
  5. Show children the cover page: Explain what the story will be about. You can show the cover page to older children and ask them to tell you what the story might be about.
  6. Show children the words: Run your fingers along the words as you read them. This will show your child that we read from left to right and introduce your child to letters and how letters form words. Older children can look for sight words within books.
  7. Ask questions about the story: Use the story to have a conversation with your child. Ask questions about familiar activities or objects you see or read about in the story. Ask older children questions relating to details heard within the story. Children as young as three should be able to recall details to tell the story back to you.
  8. Create books together: Take family photos, cut out pictures from magazines, or have your child illustrate the pictures. Put the pictures together and use the pictures to tell a story or have your child make up his own story.
  9. Make books part of your daily routine: Make it a priority to read books daily. Before nap time or bed time is a great time to read books because sitting down and reading a book will help your child to wind down and calm down in order to fall asleep.